Under-occupation and overcrowding are calculated using number of occupants and their relationships to determine the number of rooms a household requires. When the number of available rooms is smaller than what is required, the home is considered overcrowded.

Grampian’s level of overcrowding is lower than the Scottish average (9% vs 11%), but ethnic minorities disproportionately bear the brunt of this. Across Grampian, 25% of ethnic minorities live in overcrowded homes. This figure is similar to the national average for ethnic minorities (24%) and much higher than the figure for Grampian’s Scottish/British population (7%). In Aberdeen City, 33% of Africans lived in overcrowded conditions, similar to the Scottish average of 32%. In Moray, 25% of Asians lived in overcrowded homes, and in Aberdeenshire, the figure was 26% for people in the ‘white other’ ethnic group (including Europeans and Gypsy/Travellers).